U.S. States With the Largest Aquaculture Industries

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Aquaculture
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With the planet’s inhabitants and the worldwide marketplace for seafood steadily rising, pure fish manufacturing from the world’s lakes, rivers, and oceans shall be inadequate to maintain up with demand in the long run. To help international demand, aquaculture is a crucial useful resource for elevating seafood effectively and sustainably.

The USDA defines aquaculture because the farming of aquatic organisms, together with fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and extra. The farming course of consists of seeding, stocking, and feeding fish, shellfish, and different aquatic merchandise in a managed surroundings. The managed surroundings makes aquaculture distinct from wild-caught seafood taken from a pure habitat.

Aquaculture within the U.S. represents a $1.5 billion business yearly and helps help 1.7 million jobs within the broader seafood business, in response to estimates from the Nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

These figures place the U.S. comparatively low on a world scale as an aquaculture producer — seventeenth in complete aquaculture manufacturing — however the U.S. is likely one of the prime customers of aquaculture imports. Greater than 90% of seafood within the U.S. comes from exterior of the nation, and round half of that complete comes from farm-raised seafood.

Aquaculture merchandise within the U.S. that generate essentially the most gross sales fall within the classes of meals fish and mollusks. Meals fish — a class that features any fish raised primarily for meals, corresponding to catfish, sturgeon, tilapia, trout, or salmon — accounts for almost half of the aquaculture market by itself, with $716 million in gross sales every year.

Mollusks — that are marine invertebrates like clams, mussels, and oysters additionally generally raised as meals — observe behind at $442 million offered every year.

Aquaculture product values

Naturally, a profitable aquaculture business will depend on entry to geographic options that help manufacturing. Which means some areas of the U.S. are extra conducive to aquaculture than others. The South leads the U.S. in manufacturing, with almost $850 million in annual gross sales from aquaculture.

This may be attributed to the sturdy manufacturing of freshwater fish, particularly catfish, within the areas across the Mississippi River watershed, and saltwater manufacturing within the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.

The West produces $475 million in aquaculture gross sales every year, primarily from Washington and California, that are leaders in shellfish manufacturing but in addition have sturdy saltwater and freshwater manufacturing of fish like trout, tilapia, and salmon.

Largest aquaculture production

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The information used on this evaluation is from the USDA’s Census of Aquaculture. To establish the states with essentially the most aquaculture manufacturing, researchers at Commodity.com ranked states primarily based on the overall worth of aquaculture merchandise offered.

Aquaculture merchandise embody meals fish, sport fish, baitfish, and decorative fish, in addition to mollusks, crustaceans, and different miscellaneous aquaculture merchandise.

The whole acreage by state reported on this examine is the sum of freshwater and saltwater manufacturing (the place obtainable), and the commonest water supply is the water supply attribute of the best variety of farms in every state.

Listed here are the states with the most important aquaculture business.

U.S. States With the Most Aquaculture Manufacturing

North Carolina
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15. North Carolina

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $26,006,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 137
  • Complete acres: 2,909
  • Commonest water supply: Groundwater
Maryland
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14. Maryland

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $28,139,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 43
  • Complete acres: 2,318
  • Commonest water supply: Saltwater

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Massachusetts
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13. Massachusetts

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $28,858,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 180
  • Complete acres: 1,046
  • Commonest water supply: Saltwater
Idaho
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12. Idaho

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $44,763,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 41
  • Complete acres: 498
  • Commonest water supply: On-farm floor water
Texas
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11. Texas

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $62,594,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 107
  • Complete acres: 7,566
  • Commonest water supply: Groundwater
Arkansas
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10. Arkansas

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $67,661,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 82
  • Complete acres: 29,936
  • Commonest water supply: Groundwater
Florida
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9. Florida

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $71,649,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 334
  • Complete acres: 3,410
  • Commonest water supply: Saltwater
Maine
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8. Maine

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $72,340,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 75
  • Complete acres: 1,295
  • Commonest water supply: Saltwater
Hawaii
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7. Hawaii

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $78,429,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 49
  • Complete acres: 794
  • Commonest water supply: Saltwater
Alabama
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6. Alabama

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $95,199,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 120
  • Complete acres: 17,591
  • Commonest water supply: On-farm floor water
California
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5. California

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $106,021,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 116
  • Complete acres: 11,329
  • Commonest water supply: Groundwater
Virginia
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4. Virginia

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $112,640,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 202
  • Complete acres: 17,797
  • Commonest water supply: Saltwater
Louisiana
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3. Louisiana

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $135,712,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 525
  • Complete acres: 240,274
  • Commonest water supply: Groundwater

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Washington
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2. Washington

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $207,685,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 151
  • Complete acres: 16,263
  • Commonest water supply: Saltwater
Mississippi
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1. Mississippi

  • Complete worth of aquaculture merchandise offered: $215,709,000
  • Complete variety of aquaculture farms: 176
  • Complete acres: 39,561
  • Commonest water supply: Groundwater

Methodology & Detailed Findings

The information used on this evaluation is from the USDA’s 2018 Census of Aquaculture. To establish the states with essentially the most aquaculture manufacturing, researchers ranked states primarily based on the overall worth of aquaculture merchandise offered.

Aquaculture merchandise embody meals fish, sport fish, baitfish, and decorative fish, in addition to mollusks, crustaceans, and different miscellaneous aquaculture merchandise. For the aim of this evaluation, and as outlined by the USDA, an aquaculture farm is anywhere with no less than $1,000 value of aquaculture merchandise produced and offered or distributed in the course of the census 12 months.

The whole acreage by state reported on this examine is the sum of freshwater and saltwater manufacturing (the place obtainable), and the commonest water supply is the water supply attribute of the best variety of farms in every state.

Groundwater predominantly consists of water from wells positioned on the farm or one other farm; on-farm floor water consists of streams, lakes, ponds, springs, or related water sources positioned on or adjoining to the farm; off-farm water consists of water from a federal provider, business firm, municipal water system, or related supply; and saltwater consists of brackish water, tidal, sub-tidal, open public waterways, owned or leased.



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